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A possibility assessment and administration training challenge to implement a medical risk assessment device – CAMORT Shared discovering database organisation: Manchester mental fitness & Social Care have faith posted date: September 2009 according to countrywide policy together with exceptional guidelines and native medical need, a standardised medical evaluation and management of risk Toolkit (CAMORT) was developed to be used via multi-disciplinary teams in Manchester intellectual health and Social Care trust. This project was designed to deliver a robust evidence based practising programme for the assessment and management of chance and now been dropped at clinicians from all professional companies all through the trust. An contrast of the have an impact on of this practising has been accomplished. tips the shared getting to know relates to: Does the illustration relate to a regularly occurring implementation of all pleasant information? No Does the illustration relate to a particular implementation of a particular piece of pleasant assistance? yes instance aims and ambitions The goal of this implementation challenge is to supply an evidence-based, coverage driven possibility evaluation, formula and administration training programme for clinicians throughout Manchester intellectual fitness and Social Care believe (MMH&SCT)
1. To enrich the capabilities and capabilities of intellectual health gurus engaging in chance assessments and management plans and to ensure that all clinicians are trained within the use of CAMORT and to advertise its movements use in all scientific settings
2. To enhance the first-class of possibility assessments and management plans devised through all clinicians to make the system suitable to service users and carers
3. To make certain that possibility considerations are managed in a secure and collaborative method and communicated in a timely and correct approach to key stakeholders
4. To improve patient safety by means of decreasing the frequency of serious untoward incidents within the trust
This training project is underpinned via CAMORT, which become developed by way of a multi-disciplinary panel offering a wealth of medical competencies, abilities and journey. The practicing draws on present respectable follow guidelines (e.g. high-quality Self damage assistance, high-quality Violence instructions, greatest observe in chance management, DOH 2007), policy drivers and the newest analysis. the use of a collection of case reviews highlighting selected risk issues in quite a lot of medical settings, individuals work in companies using facilitated role play situations to undertake a complete cycle of chance evaluation and administration.
carrier clients, carers and clinicians have been concerned within the design and start of this challenge. members are supplied with a training pack which contains all presentation slides, recent references and reading lists, templates for the development of possibility administration plans, a summary of all crucial coverage drivers and first rate observe guidelines and examples of excessive pleasant accomplished CAMORT kinds. All individuals are encouraged to comprehensive a private construction plan to enable them to contemplate their clinical capabilities construction in chance administration. moreover, the assignment has developed a ‘train the Trainers’ initiative with the intention of increasing the capacity of beginning of risk management training all the way through the trust.
causes for implementing your project in accordance with the national Suicide Prevention method for England (NIMHE 2004) all mental fitness Trusts had been expected to agree to particular requisites concerning the implementation of chance coverage. at present MMH&SCT turned into participating within the branch of fitness professional neighborhood which developed foremost apply in Managing possibility (DOH 2007), incorporating present exceptional guidelines. in advance of 2005 MMH&SCT didn’t have a consistent and respectable method of assessing or managing risk in clinical follow settings. Root trigger evaluation of a number of critical untoward incidents (SUIs) highlighted deficits in the competencies of personnel to determine and manage possibility comfortably and the inability of a consistent framework to assess, formulate, manage, record and communicate identified hazards. according to this the have confidence Board dependent a multi-disciplinary steerage neighborhood to produce CAMORT. A have faith-huge policy to aid its implementation turned into agreed and workforce briefing periods had been brought to assist the implementation of CAMORT. At these briefing periods clinicians always requested a complete training programme to assist the complete and effective implementation of CAMORT. How did you enforce the project 1. An evaluation of a pilot training task changed into performed via an external evaluator in March 2008. This involved a thematic evaluation involving the entire 20 taking part clinicians. The leading effects of this evaluation indicated that clinicians found the course to be significant, effective and thought of their talents base, expertise and self belief in assessing and managing possibility had superior. In particular they discovered the involvement of carrier users in the delivery of the working towards extraordinarily enlightening. The participants highlighted the need for some features of the route to be altered to replicate a wider range of scientific settings. These results have been further substantiated by way of a pre-submit examine multiple option questionnaire which highlighted a consistent development in the participants’ abilities ratings following working towards.
2. considering this practising begun three audits to verify using CAMORT have taken place. outcomes of these audits point out a fashion in opposition t a rise within the use of CAMORT and the first-rate of the typical of the possibility assessment and management plans undertaken with the aid of all professional corporations.
3. through Route cause evaluation (RCA) of SUIs there is proof of enhanced involvement of service clients, carers and different stakeholders in the manner of risk evaluation, method and management.
four. Over the same duration the variety of SUIs where the lack of a possibility assessment has been a contributory ingredient has significantly decreased thereby enhancing patient defense.
Key findings 1. seeing that the preliminary pilot we have now facilitated 10 working towards programmes with 230 individuals from all skilled businesses. All subsequent classes have been normally evaluated and modified in accordance with participants’ feedback in the case of each the content material and start. 2. RCA of all SUIs will proceed to monitor no matter if poor chance assessment, formulation and management has been a contributory element.
three. An annual audit of using the CAMORT will proceed supported by way of MMH&SCT research and construction team . Inter-rater reliability and validity of CAMORT could be dependent as an additional task in 2010.
Key learning features 1. to barter and securing blanketed time from management to design and develop the preliminary practicing plan and involve working towards clinicians, provider users and carers in this procedure.
2. Making the case experiences as an example the use of the CAMORT to all provider settings and involving key clinicians during this manner.
3. To be sure that the mission crew were readily supported and represented at better management level.
four. cozy funding is basic to make sure that the practicing will continue on an ongoing foundation. This has necessitated the project team to develop into inventive and opportunistic in settling on and securing applicable funding streams 5. tips management and know-how teams should still were involved at an early stage to make certain that the CAMORT technique become compatible with the supplier’s present digital medical record system.
Contact particulars Job: twin diagnosis trainer / medical nurse professional agency: Manchester intellectual health & Social Care believe e-mail: email@example.com Is the example trade-backed in any approach? No Princeton/Stanford Working Papers in Classics 091201 critical competencies Aggregation: An Aristotelian center approach for epistemic democracy Josiah Ober, Stanford university summary – decision-making in a democracy need to admire democratic values, whereas advancing citizens’ pursuits. decisions made in an epistemic democracy ought to also bear in mind central knowledge about the world. Neither aggregation of unbiased guesses nor deliberation, the usual processes to epistemic democracy, offers a sufficient idea of determination-making that’s without delay time-delicate and capable of environment agendas endogenously. analysis of passages via Aristotle and legislative procedure in historical Athens features to a “core way” that transcends those obstacles. relevant competencies Aggregation (REA) offers an epistemic strategy to choice-making in democratic organizations with minimally in a position voters who share definite pastimes and expertise. REA allows more desirable choices among alternatives to be made by basing selections on advantage in diverse primary domains, through a time-delicate method conjoining deliberation with balloting. REA differs from a standard Condorcet jury in aggregating votes by means of important domains, in response to reputations and arguments of domain-specialists. This paper replaces version 121101 posted in December 2011, edition 071102 posted in July 2011, and edition 090901 posted in September 2009. 081201 Thucydides as prospect theorist Josiah Ober, Stanford university summary – Opposing the tendency to study Thucydides as a strong realist, committed to a concept of habits that assumes rationality as expected utility maximization, Ned Lebow and Clifford Orwin (amongst others) emphasize Thucydides’ attentiveness to deviations from rationality with the aid of people and states. This paper argues that Thucydides grasped the concepts underlying modern prospect theory, which explains why people over-weight abilities losses. Thucydides offers salient examples of excessive possibility-aversion and extreme possibility-looking for by way of determination-makers variously faced with high or low probabilities of losses or beneficial properties. Thucydides indicates that leaders’ rhetoric can restrict or exacerbate the political results of bias in chance assessment. 121101 Weighted abilities Aggregation: An Aristotelian middle manner for epistemic democracy Josiah Ober, Stanford institution > abstract – choice-making in an epistemic democracy takes under consideration not most effective citizens’ hobbies however additionally their abilities about the world. The dominant epistemic tactics to democratic resolution-making center of attention on aggregation of impartial guesses and on deliberation, but neither presents a satisfactory potential of resolution-making it is directly time-sensitive and capable of environment agendas endogenously. evaluation of two passages by using Aristotle aspects to a hybrid “core way” that transcends these barriers. Weighted talents Aggregation (WEA) conjoins distinct sorts of potential in distinct domains through a time-delicate system of deliberation and balloting. WEA differs from a Condorcet jury in aggregating the marginal probability of relevant judgments on domain- experts, instead of on the substance of complex considerations. although it requires procedurally ready voters who share average abilities, WEA presents a sensible approach to resolution-making in democratic agencies. This paper changed edition 071102 originally posted in July 2011. It changed into revised in September 2012; please see 091201 entry. 051101 The deadly Styx River and the death of Alexander Adrienne Mayor, Stanford tuition and Antoinette Hayes, Pfizer prescription drugs abstract: Plutarch, Arrian, Diodorus, Justin, and different ancient historians record that rumors of poisoning arose after the dying of Alexander in Babylon in 323 B.C. Alexander’s shut chums suspected a legendary poison gathered from the River Styx in Arcadia, so corrosive that handiest the hoof of a horse could include it. It’s not possible to understand the true reason behind Alexander’s death, but a recent toxicological discovery can also aid clarify why some historical observers believed that Alexander changed into murdered with Styx poison. We suggest that the river harbored a killer bacterium that may occur on limestone rock deposits. This paper elaborates on our Poster presentation, Toxicological history Room, XII overseas Congress of Toxicology, Barcelona, 19-23 July 2010, and Society of Toxicology Annual meeting, Washington DC, March 2011. This paper replaces 091008 at first published in September 2010 and 071001 at the beginning posted in July 2010. 011101 Roman Callimachus drawing close in B. Acosta Hughes and S. Stephens (eds.), The Brill associate to Callimachus Alessandro Barchiesi, Stanford college abstract: A rehearsal of the influence and appropriation of Callimachus in Roman letters, supposed as introductory analyzing for students and non-experts. includes brief case-stories and exemplification, with an emphasis on the agendas, poetics, and rhetoric of Roman poets. 091008 The lethal Styx River and the death of Alexander Adrienne Mayor, Stanford school Revised may additionally 2011. See 051101 entry. 091006 Human development and nice of life within the long term: the case of Greece Walter Scheidel, Stanford tuition summary – The Human building Index of the United countries and other extensively primarily based indices of well being are seeking to identify and measure a wide array of determinants of the nice of life. salary, sturdiness, and education are regarded as key indicators. Auxiliary variables consist of nutrients, salary and gender inequality, political and human rights, crime rates, human rights, and environmental degradation. however one of the factors can not be correctly assessed with appreciate to the more far away previous, indices reminiscent of these then again provide a valuable template for the historical cross-cultural and comparative analyze of human development and exceptional of existence. This paper illustrates the competencies of this approach by exploring the altering configuration of colossal variables in the long term, the usage of the Greek world from antiquity to the recent past as a check case. This undertaking is supposed to supply context for the examine of the exceptional of existence as predicted via our panel. 081001 evaluate of T. V. Evans and D. D. Obbink (eds.), The Language of the Papyri Joshua Katz, Princeton institution abstract – here’s a overview, commissioned via and written for Bryn Mawr Classical overview, of a brilliant assortment of papers on the language — basically, languages — found in Greek and Latin papyri and linked sources from the third century B.C. to the seventh/eighth century A.D. many of the contributions deserve a much broader readership than I predict they will acquire. 071001 The deadly Styx River and the dying of Alexander Adrienne Mayor, Stanford university Revised September 2010. See 091010 entry. 051001 wealthy Hellas Josiah Ober, Stanford college abstract – When it’s in comparison to other premodern societies, ihe Greek world, in 800-300 BC, became prosperous. The Greek economic climate grew (each within the combination and per capita) at a hight price by premodern requisites (despite the fact increase was feeble by way of modern requirements). via the fourth century BC Hellas become comparatively densely populated and enormously urbanized. Incomes of working individuals have been high (at the least in Athens) and wealth and revenue were distributed noticeably equitably. Comparatively effective Greek economic efficiency is the context for the building archaic/classical Greek way of life. terrific Greek financial efficiency could be defined partially by means of “rule egalitariansim” (leading to improved funding in human capital and reduce transaction expenses) and by continuous institutional innovation (the outcome of inter-state competition and gaining knowledge of). 021001 The instrumental cost of others and institutional alternate: An Athenian case analyze Josiah Ober, Stanford institution abstract – a primary cause for certain Athenian rule alterations in the course of accelerated legal access and impartiality in the fourth century B.C. become Athenian cognizance of the increased instrumental price of foreigners. New Athenian rules had been aimed toward persuading foreigners to do business in Athens. Foreigners won more advantageous access to some Athenian institutions, and equity, within the sense of impartiality, was extra evident in some types of legal resolution-making. These new suggestions seem to have labored; Athens grew to become more prosperous via the later fourth century, at least partly because foreigners liked the new rules and so did greater company there. because elevated access and impartiality were now not prompted with the aid of a modified Athenian method to the ends/skill big difference, a Kantian deontologist would deny that the new suggestions made Athens a higher place. A consequentialist could disagree. Written for a Leiden/Penn assortment of essays on “Valuing Others,” in progress, edited with the aid of R. Rosen and i. Sluiter. 011003 Greco-Roman sex ratios and femicide in comparative standpoint Walter Scheidel, Stanford institution abstract – Is it viable to reveal that historical Greeks or Romans disposed of newborn daughters in ways that skewed sex ratios in desire of males? Epigraphic, papyrological, and archaeological facts fails to give official empirical guide for this inspiration. at the identical time, we can’t rule out the probability that femicide did definitely occur. Drawing on comparative anthropological and historical facts, this paper in brief develops two models of femicidal practice. 090904 actual wages in early economies: facts for residing necessities from 1800 BCE to 1300 CE Walter Scheidel, Stanford school abstract – fee and wage records from Roman Egypt within the first three centuries CE point out tiers of precise profits for unskilled laborers which are comparable to these implied by rate and wage statistics in Diocletian’s fee edict of 301 CE and to those documented in distinct ingredients of Europe and Asia in the eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries. In all these circumstances, consumption become mostly confined to items that had been standard for survival and dwelling requisites need to have been very modest. A survey of each day wages expressed when it comes to wheat in distinctive Afroeurasian societies from 1800 BCE to 1300 CE yields equivalent outcomes: with a few exceptions, precise incomes of unskilled worker’s tended to be very low. This paper replaces (030801) firstly posted in March 2008. 090901 An Aristotelian center approach between deliberation and independent-guess aggregation Josiah Ober, Stanford college summary – a well-known passage of Aristotle’s Politics (3.1281a42-b10) concerning the “wisdom of the gang” offers an exquisite and believable alternative to deliberation and independent guess aggregation, both at present-well known approaches to judgment and resolution in an epistemic democracy. The Politics passage is clarified with the aid of reference to Aristotle’s dialogue of the six materials of tragedy (Poetics 1450a6-14). 080902 Thucydides on Athens’ Democratic knowledge in the Archidamian battle Josiah Ober, Stanford tuition abstract – In book 1 Thucydides’ Corinthians attribute Athenian militia success within the Archidamian conflict to an inherent national personality. They empahsize the characteristics of agility, velocity, and common-decent in the hunt for. Thucydides’ readers come to recognise that the Athenian “democratic talents” stemmed from a advanced skill to arrange advantageous advantage. skills administration in armed forces affairs can also be realized; the Athenians fared poorly in the later tiers of the struggle in part as a result of they didn’t countenance the possibility that their personal strategies may be tailored by way of their competitors. Replaces 090702 entitled Athenian armed forces efficiency in Archidamian struggle. To seem in a quantity on "Democracy and Greek war," edited by using David Pritchard 080901 Epistemic democracy in classical Athens: Sophistication, variety, and innovation. Josiah Ober, Stanford school abstract – evaluation of democracy in Athens as an “epistemic” (capabilities-primarily based) kind of political and social organization. adapted from Ober, Democracy and knowledge, chapters 1-4. Jon Elster (ed.), quantity on “Collective wisdom” (to be published in English and French). 070902 comparing democracies. A spatial components with software to historical Athens Josiah Ober, Stanford institution abstract – A graphic system for specifying historians’ judgments about political exchange, with special reference to the space and the route that Athenian democracy had moved from the period of Cleisthenes to that of Lycurgus. For Vincent Azoulay and Paulin Ismard (eds.). Cleisthène et Lycurgue d’Athènes: Autour du politique dans la cité classique. variants du Sorbonne, Paris. 070901 access, fairness, and Transaction expenses: Nikophon’s law on silver coinage (Athens: 375/four BC) Josiah Ober, Stanford college abstract – a number of multiple, and at first confusing points of Nikophon’s law on silver coinage (Rhodes/Osborne 25) become clear in mild of the Athenian state’s try and pressure down transaction prices to be able to maintainAthenian public revenues and inner most gains within the post-imperial era. I imply that the law become explicitly intended to even the enjoying container of alternate by way of ensuring non-citizens access to an impartial equipment of coin verification (the dokimastai), and to dispute resolution mechanisms (the individuals’s courts). Nikophon’s legislation is a notably early example of the Athenian state’s subject for adjusting based institutions with an eye toward decreasing the transaction prices associated with buying and selling within the Athenian market through reducing tips and legal asymmetries. an analogous challenge recurs in the mid-fourth century "maritime instances" (dikai emporikai) and in Xenophon’s mid-century textual content, the Poroi. tailored from Ober, Democracy and Kowlege, chapter 6. 020904 Mapping Politics: An Investigation of Deme Theatres within the Fifth and Fourth Centuries B.C.E. Jessica Paga, Princeton university summary – Deme theatres, or theatral areas, dot each the nation-state of Attika and our epigraphic sources. This paper examines the evidence for nineteen deme theatres in Attika all over the fifth and fourth centuries, along side an exploration of the festival of the agricultural Dionysia. The overarching goals are to identify the distribution, form, and functions of the deme theatral areas, while noting the ramifications of those aspects for the administrative and organizational buildings of the Athenian democracy. This paper has now been posted in Hesperia seventy nine, (2010) pp. 351-384. 010903 Monogamy and polygyny Walter Scheidel, Stanford school abstract -This paper discusses Greco-Roman practices of monogamy and polygyny for a coming near near handbook on the historic household. 060807 Monogamy and polygyny in Greece, Rome, and world heritage Walter Scheidel, Stanford tuition abstract – In what experience have been the historic Greeks and Romans monogamous, and why does it matter? This paper summarizes the physical and anthropological checklist of polygyny, in short sketches the historic expansion of formal monogamy, considers complementary theories of mate option, and situates Greco-Roman practice on a spectrum from ordinary polygamy to extra recent styles of normative monogyny. This paper has now been published in historical past of the family, Vol 14 (2009) pp. 280-291. 030801 precise wages in early economies: facts for residing necessities from 2000 BCE to 1300 CE Walter Scheidel, Stanford institution summary – cost and wage statistics from Roman Egypt within the first three centuries CE indicate degrees of precise revenue for unskilled worker’s which are comparable to these implied by means of fee and wage records in Diocletian’s rate edict of 301 CE and to these documented in distinctive ingredients of Europe and Asia in the eighteenth or early nineteenth centuries. In all these circumstances, consumption turned into largely constrained to items that had been fundamental for survival and residing requisites had been very low. A survey of every day wages expressed in terms of wheat in different Afroeurasian societies from 2000 BCE to 1300 CE yields similar effects: with handiest few exceptions, actual incomes of unskilled worker’s tended to be very low. This paper has been revised. Please see entry 090904 posted in September 2009. 100703 Communal Agriculture within the Ptolemaic and Roman Fayyum Andrew Monson, Stanford college abstract – The article items the mannequin that rising demand for land drives the system of privatization. It likens ancient tendencies in Ptolemaic and Roman Egypt to equivalent tendencies in opposition t privatization in nineteenth-century Egypt. Given the difficulty imposed via the historic proof for tracing adjustments over time, it concentrates on observable regional adaptations that conform to the model. changes in population density seem to correlate with transformations in agrarian associations. There are notably first rate information for tenure on public land in Roman Egypt, so this duration is handled in additional detail. in the greater moderately populated Fayyum, communal peasant associations remained vital for the cultivation of public land just as they have been within the Ptolemaic length. in the Nile Valley, against this, private landowners encroached on public land through having it registered into their names and treating it extra like inner most property. This paper has now been posted in "Communal Agriculture in the Ptolemaic and Roman Fayyum" S.L. Lippert and M. Schentuleit (eds.), Graeco-Roman Fayum: Texts and Archaeology. Wiesbaden: Harrassowitz, 2008, pp. 173-86. 100702 army and Egyptian temple constructing under the Ptolemies Christelle Fischer-Bovet, Stanford tuition summary: This paper examines building dedications to Egyptian gods that demonstrate the interplay between the militia and state financing of Egyptian temples. I suggest a new mannequin of financing Egyptian temple building with the army as a source of private and local funding. I argue that officers or troopers stationed in garrisons and soldier-priests have been used as supervisors of temple building for the king and even financed a part of it to enrich royal and temple cash. Three main conclusions emerge. First, the reasonably late date of our facts confirms that temple building become more and more sponsored by means of private and semiprivate funding and means that the military’s features have been fitting more diverse. 2d, Egyptians have been integrated in the military and troopers have been built-in into the native elite. Third, the formation of a local elite manufactured from Greek and Egyptian soldiers performing for the native gods challenges the idea of skilled and ethnic divisions. 100701 Counting the Greeks in Egypt: Immigration within the first century of Ptolemaic rule Christelle Fischer-Bovet, Stanford college summary: This paper items the information and the strategies purchasable to estimate the number of Greeks immigrating and settling in Ptolemaic Egypt. I shall argue that the reviews often proposed (10% of Greeks) are too high and the movement of immigration implicitly expected too normal. the new calculations reveal that we may still quite agree with 5% of Greeks in Egypt. i take advantage of four impartial find out how to consider the number of Greeks in accordance with an estimation of the variety of: (1) Greek soldiers combating at Raphia (217 BC); (2) Macedonian soldiers settled in Egypt; (3) cavalry men granted with land; (four) grownup Greek adult males residing in the Fayyum. the primary three strategies focal point on troopers while the fourth one provides us with a mathematical model for evaluating both Greek militia and civilian settlers. These demographic revisions refine our analysis of the socio-economic and cultural interactions between the distinctive organizations of inhabitants. 090704 The long-established that means of “democracy”: potential to do things, no longer majority rule. Josiah Ober, Stanford school abstract – That the normal that means of democracy is “capacity to do issues” no longer “majority rule” emerges from a look at of the fifth and fourth century B.C. Greek vocabulary for regime-kinds. particular attention is given to –kratos root and –arche root terms. Paper delivered on the American Political Science affiliation conferences, Philadelphia, 2006. 090703 What the ancient Greeks Can tell Us About Democracy Josiah Ober, Stanford university abstract – The question of what the ancient Greeks can tell us about democracy may also be answered with the aid of reference to three fields which have historically been pursued with little reference to one another: historical heritage, classical political theory, and political science. These fields were coming into greater fruitful contact over the closing 20 years, as evidenced by a spate of interdisciplinary work. Historians, political theorists, and political scientists interested in classical Greek democracy are increasingly capable of leveraging effects throughout disciplinary traces. consequently, the classical Greek journey has greater to tell us about the origins and definition of democracy, and concerning the relationship between participatory democracy and formal institutions, rhetoric, civic identification, political values, political criticism, warfare, economy, lifestyle, and religion. coming near near in Annual stories in Political Science 2007 090702 Athenian military efficiency in the Archidamian war: Thucydides on Democracy and abilities Josiah Ober, Stanford college > abstract – Athenian militia success within the Archidamian struggle is attributed through the Corinthians in publication 1 of Thucydides to an inherent national character. besides the fact that children the Athenians do occur the characteristics of agility, pace, and customary-respectable searching for that the Corinthians attribute to the Athenians, the source of Athenian exceptionalism is improved sought within the development of democratic institutions and linked patterns of behavior. Athens did well in armed forces operations as a result of its sophisticated administration of constructive capabilities. Likewise, breakdown in abilities administration is a key cause of Athenian military failures in the latter a part of the war. This has been changed by paper 080901. To appear in a volume on "Democracy and Greek struggle," edited through David Pritchard 080701 Rule and income in Egypt and Rome: Political steadiness and financial institutions Andrew Monson, Stanford tuition summary – This paper investigates what determines fiscal institutions and the burden of taxation using a case examine from historical heritage. It evaluates Levi’s mannequin of taxation within the Roman Republic, according to which rulers’ excessive cut price charges in periods of political instability motivate them to adopt a more predatory fiscal regime. The evidence for fiscal reform in the transition from the Republic to the Principate appears to aid her hypothesis however remains a rely of debate among historians. Egypt’s transition from a Hellenistic kingdom to a Roman province below the Principate provides an analogous case for which there are more advantageous facts. The Egyptian evidence suggests a correlation between rulers’ discount costs and financial regimes this is consistent with Levi’s speculation. This paper has now been published in "Rule and salary in Egypt and Rome: Political balance and Fiscal institutions." special situation: New Political financial system in heritage. old Social analysis 32/4 (2007), pp. 252-74. 060701 Epigraphy and demography: start, marriage, household, and demise Walter Scheidel, Stanford institution summary – In recent years, the adoption of key concepts and models of modern inhabitants reviews has significantly advanced our knowing of the demography of the Greco-Roman world. Epigraphic evidence has made a a must-have contribution to this development: statistical evaluation of tens of thousands of tombstone inscriptions has generated new insights into mortality regimes, marriage practices, and household buildings in quite a lot of parts of the historic Mediterranean. along with papyrological fabric, these records enable us to establish regional modifications and facilitate lengthy-time period comparisons with more contemporary ancient populations. After a quick survey of the important sources of demographic suggestions concerning the classical world, this paper specializes in the use of inscriptions in the study of inhabitants size, mortality, fertility, nuptiality, sex ratios, family formation, and family unit company. 010705 An Early Ptolemaic Land Survey in Demotic: P. Cair. II 31073 Andrew Monson, Stanford tuition abstract – This paper provides a preliminary edition of an early Ptolemaic land survey from the southern Fayyum and linked debts. despite the fact photographs and a brief description had been covered in the Cairo catalogue of Demotic papyri in 1908, it has certainly not been edited or completely discussed. The textual content furnishes effective records about land tenure, agriculture, and taxation, in particular on royal land. This version is meant to deliver a foundation for extra dialogue unless the version is complete. edition 2.0 contains revisions to the relationship, overview, and a few readings within the textual content, superceding the past version. This version replaces 050606. This paper has now been posted in A. Monson (2012). Agriculture and Taxation in Early Ptolemaic Egypt: Demotic Land Surveys and accounts. PTA forty six. Bonn: Habelt Verlag. 010704 Royal Land in Ptolemaic Egypt: A Demographic model Andrew Monson, Stanford university abstract – reports of Ptolemaic agrarian background have concentrated on the character of state ownership. recent work has emphasised the regional adjustments between the Fayyum, the place royal land became common, and higher Egypt, the place deepest land rights were already based. This analyze proposes a demographic mannequin that regards communal rights on royal land as an adaptation to chance and hyperlinks privatization with population power. These correlations and their reflection in Demotic and Greek land survey information elevate doubts in regards to the commonplace view that patterns of tenure on royal land within the Fayyum can be attributed to more intensive state control over this area than the Nile Valley. version 2.0 is radically revised and replaces the previous version 050602. This paper has now been posted in "Royal Land in Ptolemaic Egypt: A Demographic mannequin." Journal of the financial and Social history of the Orient 50/4 (2007), pp. 363-97. 120603 Coinage as ‘Code’ in Ptolemaic Egypt JG Manning, Stanford school abstract – in this paper I survey the use of funds in Ptolemaic Egypt with a particular focal point on the introduction of coinage through the Ptolemies. I draw connections between monetization of the financial system with other institutional reforms, primarily as they challenge the legal reforms of Ptolemy II. The paper will appear in a volume on money edited via William Harris. (here’s revision 1.3 changing 040602 entry.) 090606 Herodotus and the Poets Andrew Ford, Princeton university abstract: here’s an try to describe Herodotus’ relation to Greek poets, each as ancient sources and as “cultural capital.” it’s a quick discussion (1500 words) written for a widely wide-spread audience; however it can be of pastime as raising a count now not regularly considered outside of the astounding and long analyze by way of Ph.-E. Legrand in Vol. 1 of the Budé Hérodote (pp. 147 ff.). 070603 From epistemic variety to general knowledge: Rational rituals and publicity in democratic Athens. Josiah Ober, Stanford institution abstract – positive company of capabilities makes it possible for democracies to satisfy Darwinian challenges, and consequently evade removing via extra hierarchical competitors. Institutional approaches in a position to aggregating diverse advantage and coordinating action promote the flourishing of democratic communities in competitive environments. associations that enhance the credibility of commitments and construct standard capabilities are key points of democratic coordination. “Rational rituals,” wherein credible commitments and customary knowledge are quite simply publicized, had been general in democratic Athens. evaluation of constituents of Lycurgus’ speech towards Leocrates displays some key elements of the how rational rituals worked to build ordinary competencies in Athens. This paper, tailored from a publication-in-progess, is fortthcoming in the journal Episteme. 070602 Socrates and democratic Athens: The story of the trial in its old and criminal contexts. Josiah Ober, Stanford university summary – Socrates was each a loyal citizen (through his personal lights) and a critic of the democratic community’s method of doing issues. This resulted in a disaster in 339 B.C. with the intention to take note Socrates’ and the Athenian neighborhood’s moves (as reported by way of Plato and Xenophon) it is indispensable to bear in mind the ancient and felony contexts, the democratic state’s commitment to the proposal that citizens are resonsible for the consequences of their actions, and Socrates’ causes for preferring to live in Athens instead of in states that could (by using his lights) have had substantively improved felony programs. Written for the Cambridge companion to Socrates. 050605 An Early Ptolemaic Land Survey in Demotic: P. Cair. II 31073 Andrew Monson, Stanford institution Revised. See 010705, January 2007, version 2. 050604 The Ptolemaic financial system, institutions, economic integration, and the limits of centralized political energy JG Manning, Stanford school summary – during this paper I discuss the relationship between the Ptolemaic state and economic development. My strategy is suggested with the aid of New Institutional Economics (NIE) and additionally by using insights provided via economic Sociology. I argue that the incentive buildings that the Ptolemies centered likely did not allow sustainable, or mixture, financial growth regardless of essential new fiscal institutions, some capital funding in new agricultural areas, and the chance of recent know-how. I start with a dialogue of institutions and the Ptolemaic state, and circulation on to focus on, in short, trends and the structure of the economy, earlier than ending with an examination of the land tenure regime and the way it relates to performance. (This revised paper replaces edition 1.0 posted in April 2005.) 050602 Royal Land in Ptolemaic Egypt: A Demographic model Andrew Monson, Stanford college Revised. See 010704, January 2007, edition 2. 040604 inhabitants and demography Walter Scheidel, Stanford institution summary – This paper provides a conventional overview of Greco-Roman population heritage. 040602 Coinage as ‘Code’ in Ptolemaic Egypt JG Manning, Stanford school This paper has been revised. Please see the 120603 entry. 030603 Texts, contexts, subtexts and interpretative frameworks. past the parochial and toward (dynamic) modeling of the Ptolemaic state and the Ptolemaic economic system JG Manning, Stanford school summary – My situation in this paper is the historic interpretation of the Greek and demotic documentary papyri of the Ptolemaic duration, the role of Archaeology in the context of Ptolemaic financial heritage, and the utility of social science concept towards an understanding of Ptolemaic Egypt. 020601 Republics between hegemony and empire: How historic metropolis-states developed empires and the US doesn’t (anymore) Walter Scheidel, Stanford university summary – This paper discusses the ideas ‘empire’ and ‘hegemony’, provides a new model of the institutional constitution of historical ‘citizen-city-state empires’, and argues that the contemporary country can not be described as an ‘empire’. 010603 Going with the Grain: Athenian State Formation and the query of Subsistence within the fifth and 4th Centuries BCE Ulrike Krotscheck, Stanford college summary: during this paper, I tackle the role of Athenian grain change coverage as a using aspect of the metropolis’s transforming into energy within the 5th and 4th centuries. fresh explanations of increasing Athenian hegemony and dominance over other poleis all over this time duration have focused on the role of struggle. I latest an equally vital, yet frequently-omitted factor: food deliver. Athens turned into dependent on grain imports throughout the Classical period. through examination of the historical sources, I reveal that the increasing deserve to secure subsistence items for Athens significantly propelled its ambition for vigor, inflicting a basic shift from a non- interventionist government policy to one of heavy intervention between the 5th and the 4th centuries BCE. This shift corresponded to an expanding complexity in the mechanisms of the metropolis’s politics. It helped propel Athenian state formation and affected the dynamic of vigour and politics within the historical Mediterranean world. 120516 legal Pluralism in Archaic Greece Kyle Lakin, Stanford institution summary: The idea of criminal pluralism argues that legislation’s characteristic in modern society ought to be understood as a negotiation between distinctive sets of criminal orders working simultaneously. This paper argues that archaic Greece, too, become a legally plural society and explores two negotiations as evidence: 1) the connection between Drakon’s homicide legislations and the process of blood-cash negotiation; 2) the Gortyn legislation Code and oath-trials. 120511 militia and political participation in archaic-classical Greece Ian Morris, Stanford school abstract – during this paper I assess the “bargaining hypothesis” about democracy by means of calculating nd political participation ratios in Greece (MPR and PPR). I find that excessive (>10%) MPR coincided with high PPR, however changed into only one direction toward state formation. apart from in extreme instances like the Persian invasion of 480, excessive MPR and PPR relied on selected patterns of capital accumulation and concentration. In cases of excessive capital awareness rulers could substitute high spending for top MPR and PPR, protecting pleasing social preparations. via time, the magnitude of capital concentrations grew. conflict made states and states made struggle in historic Greece, as in early-contemporary Europe, however in other ways. 120510 The fall down and regeneration of complex society in Greece, 1500-500 BC Ian Morris, Stanford school summary – Greece between 1500 and 500 BC is probably the most most efficient well-known examples of the phenomenon of the regeneration of complicated society after a cave in. I overview 10 core dimensions of this technique (urbanism, tax and rent, monuments, elite energy, tips- recording methods, trade, crafts, armed forces energy, scale, and specifications of residing), and suggest that punctuated equilibrium fashions accommodate the facts superior than gradualist interpretations. 120509 The growth of Greek cities in the first millennium BC Ian Morris, Stanford college summary – during this paper I trace the increase of the greatest Greek cities from most likely 1,000- 2,000 people firstly of the primary millennium BC to four hundred,000-500,000 on the millennium’s conclusion. I verify two frameworks for figuring out this growth: Roland Fletcher’s discussion of the interaction and conversation limits to growth and Max Weber’s foremost styles of cities’ financial capabilities. I argue that whereas political power was never the simplest engine of city boom in classical antiquity, it became all the time probably the most critical motor. The dimension of the biggest Greek cities was a function of the inhabitants they controlled, mechanisms of tax and hire, and transportation know-how. 120508 The Athenian Empire (478-404 BC) Ian Morris, Stanford college abstract – in this paper I elevate three questions: (1) How, and how a great deal, did the Athenian Empire alternate Greek society? (2) Why did the Athenian Empire (or a competitor state) not turn into a multiethnic empire like Persia or Rome? (3) in the end, how a lot did the Athenian Empire’s failure depend? I conclude: (1) The Athenian Empire increased the tempo of state formation in classical Greece and is premier understood as an instance of state formation no longer imperialism. (2) Counterfactual analysis suggests that Athens failed to turn into the capital of a multi-city state as a result of human error, and as late as 406 BC the most predictable outcomes became that Athens would emerge as capital of an Ionian state. (3) now not much. 120507 The eighth-century revolution Ian Morris, Stanford school abstract – via many of the 20th century classicists noticed the eighth century BC as a duration of essential adjustments, which they characterized as “revolutionary,” however within the 1990s critics proposed more gradualist interpretations. during this paper I argue that while 30 years of fieldwork and new analyses inevitably require us to alter the framework based via Snodgrass in the Seventies (a profound social and financial depression in the Aegean c. 1100-800 BC; essential inhabitants boom in the 8th century; social and cultural transformations that centered the parameters of classical society), it then again continues to be essentially the most convincing interpretation of the facts, and that the conception of an 8th-century revolution is still valuable 110508 precise slave fees and the relative can charge of slave labor within the Greco-Roman world Walter Scheidel, Stanford college abstract – This paper traces the construction of slave expenditures within the ancient Mediterranean. In classical Athens, slave costs have been low relative to staple meals and free wages have been excessive, whereas in Roman Egypt, slaves were high priced in comparison to meals and free labor. high true wages are conducive to using slave labor and account for its growth in archaic and classical Greece and Republican Rome. 110506 intercourse and empire: a Darwinian viewpoint Walter Scheidel, Stanford tuition summary – This paper attracts on evolutionary psychology to elucidate optimum causation in imperial state formation and predatory exploitation in antiquity and beyond. Differential access to the skill of replica is proven to were a key function of early imperial programs. 110504 The comparative economics of slavery within the Greco-Roman world Walter Scheidel, Stanford institution summary – A comparative viewpoint improves our figuring out of the critical determinants of the massive-scale use of slave labor in diverse sectors of historic economies, together with classical Greece and the Italian heartland of the Roman empire. This paper argues that the success of chattel slavery was a characteristic of the specific configuration of a few crucial variables: the persona of definite kinds of financial recreation, the incentive gadget, the normative price gadget of a society, and the character of commitments required of the free population. excessive true wages and low slave expenses precipitated the expansion of slavery in classical Greece and Republican Rome, while later durations of Roman heritage may have witnessed both a high-equilibrium degree of slavery or its gradual erosion within the context of reduce wages and higher expenditures. 110501 military commitments and political bargaining in ancient Greece Walter Scheidel, Stanford tuition abstract – This paper explores the relationship between militia commitments and political bargaining in Greek poleis and beyond. whereas it’s possible to doc a number of circumstances of concurrent political and armed forces mobilization, comparative facts suggests that state type may well be a greater important determinant of armed forces mobilization degrees than regime classification. 110515 Thucydides and the invention of political science Josiah Ober, Princeton institution summary – Thucydides self-consciously invented a new sort of inquiry, which could fairly be known as “social and political science.” His intellectual intention changed into a new realizing of vigor and its relationship to human company and the deep buildings of human society. His knowing of agency and constitution is in many ways paying homage to the reflexivity conception developed by means of Anthony Giddens. 110514 Solon and the ‘Horoi’: records on the ground in Archaic Athens Josiah Ober, Princeton institution now not purchasable as a working paper. here is now posted as: Josiah Ober, "Solon and the Horoi." In J. Blok and A. Lardinois (eds.), Solon: New old and Philological perspectives (E.J. invoice: Leiden), 441-456. 110513 “I Besieged that Man”: Democracy’s innovative beginning. Josiah Ober, Princeton school abstract – The origins of democracy at Athens should be sought in a revolutionary second in 508/7 B.C. and the subsequent institutional reforms associated with Cleistehenes. An revised edition of the argument first offered with the aid of the writer in "The Athenian Revolution of 508/7 B.C.E: Violence, Authority, and the Origins of Democracy," in C. Dougherty and L. Kurke (ed.), Cultural Poetics in Archaic Greece: Cult, performance, Politics (Cambridge: Cambridge Univ. Press 1993), 215-232. 110512 Democratic Athens as an Experimental system: heritage and the mission of Political theory. Josiah Ober, Princeton college abstract – Athens as a case study can be advantageous as an “exemplary narrative” for political science and normative political, on the analogy of the biologicial use of as definite animals (e.g. mice or zebrafish) as “mannequin programs” subject to intensive examine by using many researchers. 110511 The Ethics and Economics of Ptolemaic non secular Associations Andrew Monson, Stanford school abstract – This paper considers the financial popularity of the members in Ptolemaic spiritual associations and offers a model to explain why they participated. Drawing on Charles Tilly’s comparative analyze of have faith networks, I suggest that religious associations institutionalized informal ethical norms into formal guidelines that reduced the prices of transacting and facilitated cooperation amongst villagers. The suggestions involving legal disputes illustrate how associations exercised this vigour and even tried to prevent the Ptolemaic state from intruding of their network. NB: This has been posted in historic Society 36 (2006), 221-238. 050501 Land tenure, rural area, and the political economic system of Ptolemaic Egypt (332 BC-30 BC) JG Manning, Stanford university abstract – in this paper I argue that statist (or “despotic”) assumptions of royal power does not thoroughly describe the nature of political energy within the Ptolemaic building of Egypt. I examine the manner of Ptolemaic state formation from the aspect of view of the enlargement and the agreement of the Fayyum, the groundwork of Ptolemais in the Thebaid, and from the point of view of new fiscal associations. 040501 The Ptolemaic economy, associations, economic integration, and the bounds of centralized political vigor JG Manning, Stanford school Revised might also 2006. See entry 050604. computer Science route listing Description This direction introduces college students to introductory ideas in cybersecurity. The course will cowl widespread subject matters comparable to introduction to networks, security vulnerabilities in networking protocols, the confidentiality, integrity and availability (CIA) triad, simple cryptography concepts, key administration, cryptographic protocols and functional applications of cryptography. For issues in computer safety, this course will cowl an overview of operation programs protection (above all Linux), password safety, access handle mechanisms, patching, vulnerability evaluation, intrusion detection, auditing, device hardening, virtualization, and safety policies. For issues in network safety, this route will cowl important threats affecting networks akin to Denial of carrier (DoS), brute-drive, malicious packets, and many others. There could be a excessive-degree overview on network selected assaults such as replay, reflection and MitM and how up to date authentication and communique protocols like SSH and TLS stay away from them. For themes in software safety, this route will overview foremost threats affection software such as Buffer Overflows, Race conditions, XSS, Injection assaults, etc. and suggestions to prevent them. must haves Pre-Req: COMP.1020 Computing II..