What Is An Ode Poem?
What is an Ode Poem?
An ode poem is a type of lyrical poem that is written to praise or glorify a particular person, object or event. Odes are usually written in a formal, dignified, and often highly structured style, and they often contain strong lines of emotion and feelings. Odes often begin with a declaration of admiration for the subject and end with a reflection on the significance of the subject.
Types of Odes
There are three main types of odes: the Pindaric Ode, the Horatian Ode, and the Irregular Ode. The Pindaric Ode is named after the Ancient Greek poet Pindar and is a very formal and structured type of ode. The Horatian Ode, named after the Roman poet Horace, is less formal and more relaxed in its structure. The Irregular Ode is the most free-form type of ode and can be written in any structure.
Sample Ode Poem Examples
1. Pindaric Ode
This example of a Pindaric Ode was written by the English poet William Wordsworth in 1807:
Stern Daughter of the Voice of God!
O Duty! if that name thou love
Who art a light to guide, a rod
To check the erring, and reprove;
Thou, who art victory and law
When empty terrors overawe;
From vain temptations dost set free;
And calm’st the weary strife of frail humanity!
2. Horatian Ode
The following is an example of a Horatian Ode written by the English poet John Keats in 1819:
Thou still unravish’d bride of quietness,
Thou foster-child of Silence and slow Time,
Sylvan historian, who canst thus express
A flowery tale more sweetly than our rhyme:
What leaf-fring’d legend haunts about thy shape
Of deities or mortals, or of both,
In Tempe or the dales of Arcady?
What men or gods are these? What maidens loth?
3. Irregular Ode
This example of an Irregular Ode was written by the American poet Walt Whitman in 1865:
O Captain! my Captain! our fearful trip is done,
The ship has weather’d every rack, the prize we sought is won,
The port is near, the bells I hear, the people all exulting,
While follow eyes the steady keel, the vessel grim and daring;
But O heart! heart! heart!
O the bleeding drops of red,
Where on the deck my Captain lies,
Fallen cold and dead.
Odes are a beautiful and powerful form of poetry that can be used to express admiration and praise for a person, object, or event. There are three main types of odes: the Pindaric Ode, the Horatian Ode, and the Irregular Ode. Each type has its own unique structure, and each can be used to create a poem that expresses the writer’s emotions and feelings.